dr Dirk Oliver Theis (University of Tartu, Estonia)
dr Ali Taherkhani (Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan, Iran)
dr Kanstantsin Pashkovich (University of Waterloo, Canada)
The linear programming (LP for short) is a method for finding an optimal solution, such as minimum cost or maximum profit for a linear function subject to linear constraints. But having an exponential number of inequalities gives the exponential running time in solving linear program. A polytope, let's say P, represents the space of the feasible solution. One idea for decreasing the running time of the problem, is lifting the polytope P tho the higher dimensions with the goal of decresing the number of inequalities. The polytope in higher dimension, let's say Q, is the extension of the original polytope P and the minimum number of facets that Q can have is the extension complexity of P. Then the optimal solution of the problem over Q, gives the optimal solution over P. The natural question may raise is when is it possible to have an extension with a polynomial number of inequalities? Nondeterministic communication complexity is a powerful tool for proving lower bound on the extension complexity of a polytopes. Finding a suitable communication complexity problem corresponded to a polytope P and proving a linear lower bound for the nondeterministic communication complexity of it, will rule out all the attempts for finding sub-exponential size extension Q of P. In this thesis, we focus on the random Boolean functions f, with density p = p(n). We give tight upper and lower bounds for the nondeterministic communication complexity and parameters related to it. Also, we study the rank of fooling set matrix which is an important lower bound for nondeterministic communication complexity. Finally, we investigate the graph of the pedigree polytope. Pedigree polytope is an extension of TSP (traveling salesman problem; the most extensively studied problem in combinatorial optimization) polytopes with a nice combinatorial structure. The graph of a polytope can be regarded as an abstract graph and it reveals meaningful information about the properties of the polytope.